The effects of near-extinction of the bison are still being felt by Native tribes today

"The historical record shows the bison’s disappearance had immediate effects on the health and wellbeing of tribes that depended on them.

But the effects weren’t only immediate, says a new report from the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis’ Center for Indian Country Development: More than a century after the American bison nearly went extinct, the tribes that relied on them still have lower incomes, and higher rates of suicide mortality and unrest than those that didn’t."